What is Diverticulosis?
Have trouble in your colon? Diverticulosis is a condition in which small, bulging pouches develop in the digestive tract. Diverticulosis is a common disorder, especially in older people. Dr. Anees at Southwest Gastroenterology Clinic and Surgery Center, which is located in Burleson, TX , offers treatments for diverticulosis.
Diverticulosis causes small pouches to bulge out through weak spots on the digestive tract. If these pouches become inflamed or infected, a more serious condition called diverticulitis has developed. Serious cases of diverticulitis may require surgery to remove part of the colon.
Causes of Diverticulosis
The small pouches form when there is increased pressure inside the colon that results from delaying a bowel movement, straining during a bowel movement, or constipation. Most doctors believe this condition is due in part to a diet low in fiber. Too little fiber promotes hard stools that are difficult to pass and increase pressure on your colon.
Symptoms of Diverticulosis
Most individuals who have diverticulosis don’t show any signs. Those who do might have abdominal pain or cramps, constipation, bloating, or diarrhea. Diverticulitis may cause abdominal pain. If the area is infected, you may also have chills, fever, nausea, bleeding, or vomiting.
Diagnosis of Diverticulosis
Most doctors don’t notice cases of diverticulosis until they screen for other conditions. If you have symptoms that indicate diverticulosis, your doctor will gather your medical history and do a physical exam. This may include a digital rectal exam. Your doctor may order tests to help diagnose your condition. These tests may include a colonoscopy, blood tests, or X-rays.
Treatments for Diverticulosis
The main goal is to keep the pockets from causing problems. Your doctor might prescribe treatments that include fiber supplements or a high-fiber diet, medications, and probiotics. Diverticulitis requires medical attention. Treatments for diverticulitis include a liquid diet, hospitalization, medication, and surgery.